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B6db references: 0..ccasgd

type Journal Article
authors Snedden, W. A.; Arazi, T.; Fromm, H.; Shelp, B. J.
title Calcium/Calmodulin Activation of Soybean Glutamate Decarboxylase
journal Plant Physiol
ui 0; CCASGD
year (1995)
volume 108
number 2
pages 543-549.
abstract Recently, we provided preliminary evidence for calcium (Ca2+)/calmodulin (CaM) stimulation of plant glutamate decarboxylase (GAD; EC In the present study, a detailed characterization of the phenomenon is described. GAD was partially purified from various soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) tissues (developing seed coat and cotyledons, leaf, and root) in the presence of EDTA by a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation and anion-exchange fast protein liquid chromatography. GAD activity showed a sharp optimum at pH 5.8, with about 12% of maximal activity at pH 7. It was stimulated 2- to 8-fold (depending on the tissue source) in the presence of Ca2+/CaM at pH 7 but not at pH 5.8. Furthermore, when the protease inhibitor phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride was omitted from the purification procedure, GAD activity was insensitive to Ca2+/CaM but was similar in magnitude to CaM-stimulated activity. The stimulation by Ca2+/CaM was fully inhibited by the CaM antagonists N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1- naphthalenesulfon-amide and trifluoperazine. With saturating CaM or Ca2+, the concentrations of Ca2+ and CaM required for half-maximal stimulation were about 7 to 11 [mu]M and 25 nM, respectively. The effect of Ca2+ and CaM appeared to be through a 2.4-fold stimulation of Vmax and a 55% reduction in Km. The results suggested that GAD is activated via Ca2+ signal transduction.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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