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B6db references: 0..mbcsdpc

type Journal Article
authors Tang, X. W.; Hsu, C. C.; Sun, Y.; Wu, E.; Yang, C. Y.; Wu, J. Y.
title Multiplicity of Brain Cysteine Sulfinic Acid Decarboxylase - Purification, Characterization and Subunit Structure
journal J Biomed Sci
year (1996)
volume 3
number 6
pages 442-453.
abstract Cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase (CSAD), the rate-limiting enzyme in taurine biosynthesis, appears to be present in the brain in multiple isoforms. Two distinct forms of CSAD, referred to as CSAD I and CSAD II, were obtained on Sephadex G-100 column. CSAD I and CSAD II differ in: (1) the elution profile on Sephadex G-100 column; (2) the sensitivity towards Mn(2+), methione, and other sulfur-containing amino acids, and (3) their immunologic properties. CSAD II has been purified to about 2,500-fold by a combination of column chromatographies and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). The purity of the enzyme preparation was established as judged from the following observations: (1) a single protein band was observed under various electrophoretic conditions, e.g., 5-20% nondenaturing PAGE, 7% nondenaturing PAGE and 10% SDS-PAGE, and (2) in nondenaturing PAGE, the protein band comigrated with CSAD activity. CSAD II has a molecular weight of 90 kDa and is a homodimer consisting of two 43 +/- 2 kDa subunits. CSAD appears to require Mn(2+) for its maximum activity. Other divalent cations fail to replace Mn(2+) in activation of CSAD activity. However, the precise role of Mn(2+) in the action of CSAD remains to be determined.
last changed 2008/01/29 17:57

B6db references