|Tappaz, M.; Bitoun, M.; Reymond, I.; Sergeant, A.
|Characterization of the cDNA coding for rat brain cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase: brain and liver enzymes are identical proteins encoded by two distinct mRNAs
|Cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase (CSD) is considered as the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of taurine, a possible osmoregulator in brain. Through cloning and sequencing of RT-PCR and RACE-PCR products of rat brain mRNAs, a 2,396-bp cDNA sequence was obtained encoding a protein of 493 amino acids (calculated molecular mass, 55.2 kDa). The corresponding fusion protein showed a substrate specificity similar to that of the endogenous enzyme. The sequence of the encoded protein is identical to that encoded by liver CSD cDNA. Among other characterized amino acid decarboxylases, CSD shows the highest homology (54%) with either isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65 and GAD67). A single mRNA band, approximately 2.5 kb, was detected by northern blot in RNA extracts of brain, liver, and kidney. However, brain and liver CSD cDNA sequences differed in the 5' untranslated region. This indicates two forms of CSD mRNA. Analysis of PCR-amplified products of genomic DNA suggests that the brain form results from the use of a 3' alternative internal splicing site within an exon specifically found in liver CSD mRNA. Through selective RT-PCR the brain form was detected in brain only, whereas the liver form was found in liver and kidney. These results indicate a tissue-specific regulation of CSD genomic expression.