Activities | Families | Sequences | Fold types | References | Help
B6db references: 11148055

type Journal Article
authors Chen, D.; Frey, P. A.
title Identification of lysine 346 as a functionally important residue for pyridoxal 5'-phosphate binding and catalysis in lysine 2, 3-aminomutase from Bacillus subtilis
journal Biochemistry
sel selected
ui 11148055
year (2001)
volume 40
number 2
pages 596-602
keywords Bacillus subtilis/*enzymology/genetics
abstract Lysine 2,3-aminomutase (LAM) catalyzes the interconversion of L-lysine and L-beta-lysine. The enzyme contains pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) and a [4Fe-4S] center and requires S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) for activity. The hydrogen transfer is mediated by the 5'-deoxyadenosyl radical generated in a reaction of the iron-sulfur cluster with SAM. PLP facilitates the radical rearrangement by forming a lysine-PLP aldimine, in which the imine group participates in the isomerization mechanism. We here report the identification of lysine 346 as important for PLP binding and catalysis. Reduction of LAM with NaBH(4) rapidly inactivated the enzyme with concomitant UV/visible spectrum changes characteristic of reduction of an aldimine formed between PLP and lysine. Following reduction with NaBH(4) and proteolysis with trypsin, a single phosphopyridoxyl peptide of 36 amino acid residues was identified by reverse-phase liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The purified phosphopyridoxyl peptide exhibited an absorption band at 325 nm, and its identity was further confirmed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) sequencing. The bound PLP is linked to lysine 346 in a PGGGGK (PLP) structure. The sequence of this binding motif is conserved in LAMs from Bacillus and Clostridium and other homologous proteins but is distinct from the PLP-binding motifs found in other PLP enzymes. The function of lysine 346 was further studied by site-directed mutagenesis. The purified K346Q mutant was inactive, and its content of PLP was only approximately 15% of that of the wild-type enzyme. The data indicate that the formation of the aldimine linkage between lysine 346 and PLP is important for LAM catalysis. Sequences similar to the PLP-binding motifs in other enzymes were also present in LAM. However, lysine residues within these motifs neither are the PLP-binding sites in LAM nor are directly involved in LAM catalysis. This study represents the first comprehensive investigation of PLP binding in a SAM-dependent iron-sulfur enzyme.
last changed 2009/01/08 14:51

B6db references