|Gaitatzis N, Kunze B, Müller R.
|Novel insights into siderophore formation in myxobacteria.
|The myxochelins are catecholate-type siderophores produced by a number of myxobacterial strains, and their corresponding biosynthetic gene clusters have been identified in Stigmatella aurantiaca Sg a15, and Sorangium cellulosum So ce56; the latter being presented in this work. Biochemical and genetic studies described here further clarify myxochelin biosynthesis. In addition to the myxochelin A biosynthetic complex, the aminotransferase MxcL is required in order to form myxochelin B, starting from 2,3-dihydroxy benzoic acid and L-lysine. Additionally, the substrate specificity of the myxochelin A biosynthetic complex was analyzed in vitro; this led to the formation of novel myxochelin derivatives. Furthermore, MxcD was over-expressed and its function as an active isochorismic acid synthase in Escherichia coli was verified by complementation studies, as was activity in vitro. The organization of the myxochelin gene cluster of S. cellulosum So ce56 was compared to that of the Sg a15 gene cluster. The comparison revealed that although the organization of the biosynthetic genes is completely different, the biosynthesis is most probably extremely similar.