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B6db references: 16535664

type Journal Article
authors Chien C, Leadbetter ER, Godchaux W.
title Taurine-Sulfur Assimilation and Taurine-Pyruvate Aminotransferase Activity in Anaerobic Bacteria
journal Appl Environ Microbiol
sel unselected
ui 16535664
year (1997)
volume 63
number 8
pages 3021-3024
abstract We demonstrated the ability of strictly fermentative, as well as facultatively fermentative, bacteria to assimilate sulfonate sulfur for growth. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonate) can be utilized by Clostridium pasteurianum C1 but does not support fermentative growth of two Klebsiella spp. and two different Clostridium spp. However, the latter are able to assimilate the sulfur of a variety of other sulfonates (e.g., cysteate, 3-sulfopyruvate, and 3-sulfolactate) anaerobically. A novel taurine-pyruvate aminotransferase activity was detected in cell extracts of C. pasteurianum C1 grown with taurine as the sole sulfur source. This activity was not detected in extracts of other bacteria examined, in C. pasteurianum C1 grown with sulfate or sulfite as the sulfur source, or in a Klebsiella isolate assimilating taurine-sulfur by aerobic respiration. More common aminotransferase activities (e.g., with aspartate or glutamate as the amino donor and pyruvate, oxalacetate, or (alpha)-ketoglutarate as the amino acceptor) were present, no matter what sulfur source was used for growth. Partial characterization of the taurine-pyruvate aminotransferase revealed an optimal temperature of 37(deg)C and a broad optimal pH range of 7.5 to 9.5.
last changed 2007/11/30 19:15

B6db references