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B6db references: 17416668

type Journal Article
authors Yang Z, Lu CD.
title Characterization of an arginine:pyruvate transaminase in arginine catabolism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1
journal J Bacteriol
sel selected
ui 17416668
year (2007)
volume 189
number 11
pages 3954-9
abstract The arginine transaminase (ATA) pathway represents one of the multiple pathways for L-arginine catabolism in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The AruH protein was proposed to catalyze the first step in the ATA pathway, converting the substrates L-arginine and pyruvate into 2-ketoarginine and L-alanine. Here we report the initial biochemical characterization of this enzyme. The aruH gene was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and its product was purified to homogeneity. High-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (MS) analyses were employed to detect the presence of the transamination products 2-ketoarginine and L-alanine, thus demonstrating the proposed biochemical reaction catalyzed by AruH. The enzymatic properties and kinetic parameters of dimeric recombinant AruH were determined by a coupled reaction with NAD(+) and L-alanine dehydrogenase. The optimal activity of AruH was found at pH 9.0, and it has a novel substrate specificity with an order of preference of Arg > Lys > Met > Leu > Orn > Gln. With L-arginine and pyruvate as the substrates, Lineweaver-Burk plots of the data revealed a series of parallel lines characteristic of a ping-pong kinetic mechanism with calculated V(max) and k(cat) values of 54.6 +/- 2.5 micrromol/min/mg and 38.6 +/- 1.8 s(-1). The apparent K(m) and catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K(m)) were 1.6 +/- 0.1 mM and 24.1 mM(-1) s(-1) for pyruvate and 13.9 +/- 0.8 mM and 2.8 mM(-1) s(-1) for l-arginine. When L-lysine was used as the substrate, MS analysis suggested Delta(1)-piperideine-2-carboxylate as its transamination product. These results implied that AruH may have a broader physiological function in amino acid catabolism.
last changed 2010/01/27 17:23

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