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B6db references: 18411263

type Journal Article
authors Spirig T, Tiaden A, Kiefer P, Buchrieser C, Vorholt JA, Hilbi H.
title The Legionella autoinducer synthase LqsA produces an alpha-hydroxyketone signaling molecule
journal J Biol Chem
Activity cqsa
Family cqsa
sel selected
ui 18411263
year (2008)
volume 283
number 26
pages 18113-23
abstract The opportunistic pathogen Legionella pneumophila replicates in human lung macrophages and in free-living amoebae. To accommodate the transfer between host cells, L. pneumophila switches from a replicative to a transmissive phase. L. pneumophila harbors a gene cluster homologous to the Vibrio cholerae cqsAS quorum sensing system, encoding a putative autoinducer synthase (lqsA) and a sensor kinase (lqsS), which flank a response regulator (lqsR). LqsR is an element of the L. pneumophila virulence regulatory network, which promotes pathogen-host cell interactions and inhibits entry into the replicative growth phase. Here, we show that lqsA functionally complements a V. cholerae cqsA autoinducer synthase deletion mutant and, upon expression in L. pneumophila or Escherichia coli, produces the diffusible signaling molecule LAI-1 (Legionella autoinducer-1). LAI-1 is distinct from CAI-1 (Cholerae autoinducer-1) and was identified as 3-hydroxypentadecan-4-one using liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution tandem mass spectrometry. The activity of both LqsA and CqsA was abolished upon mutation of a conserved lysine, and covalent binding of the cofactor pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to this lysine was confirmed by mass spectrometry. Thus, LqsA and CqsA belong to a family of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent autoinducer synthases, which produce the alpha-hydroxyketone signaling molecules LAI-1 and CAI-1.
last changed 2009/08/25 13:40

B6db references