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B6db references: 19193709

type Journal Article
authors Murakami T, Maeda T, Yokota A, Wada M.
title Gene cloning and expression of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent L-threo-3-hydroxyaspartate dehydratase from Pseudomonas sp. T62, and characterization of the recombinant enzyme
journal J Biochem
sel unselected
ui 19193709
year (2009)
volume 145
number 5
pages 661-8
keywords Clone
abstract L-threo-3-Hydroxyaspartate dehydratase (L-THA DH, EC, which catalyses the cleavage of L-threo-3-hydroxyaspartate (L-THA) to oxalacetate and ammonia, has been purified from the soil bacterium Pseudomonas sp. T62. In this report, the gene encoding L-THA DH was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the gene product was purified and characterized in detail. A 957-bp nucleotide fragment was confirmed to be the gene encoding L-THA DH, based on the agreement of internal amino acid sequences. The deduced amino acid sequence, which belongs to the serine/threonine dehydratase family, shows similarity to YKL218c from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (64%), serine racemase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe (64%) and Mus musculus (36%), and biodegradative threonine dehydratase from E. coli (38%). Site-directed mutagenesis experiments revealed that lysine at position 53 is an important residue for enzymatic activity. This enzyme exhibited dehydratase activity specific only to L-THA [K(m) = 0.54 mM, V(max) = 39.0 micromol min(-1) (mg protein)(-1)], but not to other 3-hydroxyaspartate isomers, and exhibited no detectable serine/aspartate racemase activity. This is the first report of an amino acid sequence of the bacterial enzyme that acts on L-THA.
last changed 2009/09/30 12:31

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