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B6db references: 20240141

type Journal Article
authors Barbolina, M. V.; Phillips, R. S.; Gollnick, P. D.; Faleev, N. G.; Demidkina, T. V.
title Citrobacter freundii tyrosine phenol-lyase: the role of asparagine 185 in modulating enzyme function through stabilization of a quinonoid intermediate
journal Protein Eng
ui 20240141
year (2000)
volume 13
number 3
pages 207-15.
keywords Alanine
abstract Asn185 is an invariant residue in all known sequences of TPL and of closely related tryptophanase and it may be aligned with the Asn194 in aspartate aminotransferase. According to X-ray data, in the holoenzyme and in the Michaelis complex Asn185 does not interact with the cofactor pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, but in the external aldimine a conformational change occurs which is accompanied by formation of a hydrogen bond between Asn185 and the oxygen atom in position 3 of the cofactor. The substitution of Asn185 in TPL by alanine results in a mutant N185A TPL of moderate residual activity (2%) with respect to adequate substrates, L-tyrosine and 3-fluoro-L-tyrosine. The affinities of the mutant enzyme for various amino acid substrates and inhibitors, studied by both steady-state and rapid kinetic techniques, were lower than for the wild- type TPL. This effect mainly results from destabilization of the quinonoid intermediate, and it is therefore concluded that the hydrogen bond between Asn185 and the oxygen at the C-3 position of the cofactor is maintained in the quinonoid intermediate. The relative destabilization of the quinonoid intermediate and external aldimine leads to the formation of large amounts of gem-diamine in reactions of N185A TPL with 3-fluoro-L-tyrosine and L-phenylalanine. For the reaction with 3-fluoro-L-tyrosine it was first possible to determine kinetic parameters of gem-diamine formation by the stopped-flow method. For the reactions of N185A TPL with substrates bearing good leaving groups the observed values of k(cat) could be accounted for by taking into consideration two effects: the decrease in the quinonoid content under steady-state conditions and the increase in the quinonoid reactivity in a beta-elimination reaction. Both effects are due to destabilization of the quinonoid and they counterbalance each other. Multiple kinetic isotope effect studies on the reactions of N185A TPL with suitable substrates, L-tyrosine and 3-fluoro-L-tyrosine, show that the principal mechanism of catalysis, suggested previously for the wild- type enzyme, does not change. In the framework of this mechanism the observed considerable decrease in k(cat) values for reactions of N185A TPL with L-tyrosine and 3-fluoro-L-tyrosine may be ascribed to participation of Asn185 in additional stabilization of the keto quinonoid intermediate.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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