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B6db references: 20412935

type Journal Article
authors Ojha, S.; Hwang, J.; Kabil, O.; Penner-Hahn, J. E.; Banerjee, R.
title Characterization of the heme in human cystathionine beta-synthase by X- ray absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies
journal Biochemistry
ui 20412935
year (2000)
volume 39
number 34
pages 10542-7.
keywords Cystathionine beta-Synthase/*chemistry
abstract Human cystathionine beta-synthase is one of two key enzymes involved in intracellular metabolism of homocysteine. It catalyzes a beta- replacement reaction in which the thiolate of homocysteine replaces the hydroxyl group of serine to give the product, cystathionine. The enzyme is unusual in its dependence on two cofactors: pyridoxal phosphate and heme. The requirement for pyridoxal phosphate is expected on the basis of the nature of the condensation reaction that is catalyzed; however the function of the heme in this protein is unknown. We have examined the spectroscopic properties of the heme in order to assign the axial ligands provided by the protein. The heme Soret peak of ferric cystathionine beta-synthase is at 428 nm and shifts to approximately 395 nm upon addition of the thiol chelator, mercuric chloride. This is indicative of 6-coordinate low-spin heme converting to a 5-coordinate high-spin heme. The enzyme as isolated exhibits a rhombic EPR signal with g values of 2.5, 2.3, and 1.86, which are similar to those of heme proteins and model complexes with imidazole/thiolate ligands. Mercuric chloride treatment of the enzyme results in conversion of the rhombic EPR signal to a g = 6 signal, consistent with formation of the high- spin ferric heme. The X-ray absorption data reveal that iron in ferric cystathionine beta-synthase is 6-coordinate, with 1 high-Z scatterer and 5 low-Z scatterers. This is consistent with the presence of 5 nitrogens and 1 sulfur ligand. Together, these data support assignment of the axial ligands as cysteinate and imidazole in ferric cystathionine beta-synthase.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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