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B6db references: 21064919

type Journal Article
authors Wilkie, S.E.; Warren, M.J.
title Recombinant expression, purification, and characterization of three isoenzymes of aspartate aminotransferase from Arabidopsis thaliana
journal Protein Expr Purif
sel unselected
ui 21064919
year (1998)
volume 12
number 3
pages 381-9.
abstract Five different genes encoding isoenzymes of aspartate aminotransferase (AAT) have been identified in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana. cDNA sequences encoding three of these AAT isoenzymes, asp1 (mitochondrial), asp2 (cytosolic), and asp5 (plastid), were manipulated into bacterial expression vectors and the recombinant proteins expressed were purified from liquid culture using conventional methods. Yields of the purified isoenzymes varied from 11.5 mg/g wet wt cells (AAT5) to 0.95 mg/g wet wt cells (AAT2), an improvement of more than 1000-fold over typical yields of native isoenzymes obtained from plant tissues of other species. Analysis of the recombinant proteins on denaturing PAGE gels indicated subunit Mrs of between 44 and 45 K. Kinetic parameters (Km and kcat) obtained for all four substrates (aspartate, alpha-ketoglutarate, glutamate, and oxaloacetate) were consistent with values obtained for native AAT isoenzymes from other plant species. Further characterization of the purified recombinant enzymes alongside native enzymes from A. thaliana leaf tissue on AAT activity gels confirmed the identity of asp1 and asp2 as the mitochondrial and cytosolic AAT genes but indicated that asp5 may encode an amyloplastic rather than the chloroplastic enzyme.
last changed 2007/10/23 14:17

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