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B6db references: 21103894

type Journal Article
authors Bosma, P. T.; Blazquez, M.; Fraser, E. J.; Schulz, R. W.; Docherty, K.; Trudeau, V. L.
title Sex steroid regulation of glutamate decarboxylase mRNA expression in goldfish brain is sexually dimorphic
journal J Neurochem
ui 21103894
year (2001)
volume 76
number 4
pages 945-56.
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract Testosterone and oestradiol can modulate GABA synthesis in sexually regressed goldfish. Here we investigated their effects on the mRNA expression of two isoforms of the GABA synthesizing enzyme glutamate decarboxylase (GAD(65) and GAD(67), EC Full-length GAD clones were isolated from a goldfish cDNA library and sequenced. Goldfish GAD(65) encodes a polypeptide of 583 amino acid residues, which is 77% identical to human GAD(65). Goldfish GAD(67) encodes a polypeptide of 587 amino acid residues and is 82% identical to human GAD(67). Goldfish GAD(65) and GAD(67) are 63% identical. Sexually regressed male and female goldfish were implanted with solid silastic pellets containing testosterone, oestradiol or no steroid. Semiquantitative PCR analysis showed that oestradiol significantly increased GAD(65) mRNA expression in female hypothalamus and telencephalon, while testosterone resulted in a significant increase only in telencephalon. GAD(67) mRNA levels were not affected by steroids in females. In contrast, both steroids induced significant decreases of GAD(65) and GAD(67) mRNA levels in male hypothalamus, but had no effect on GAD mRNA expression in male telencephalon. Our results indicate that modulation of GAD mRNA expression is a possible mechanism for steroid action on GABA synthesis, which may have opposite effects in males and females.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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