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B6db references: 27531243

type Journal Article
authors Milbredt D, Patallo EP, van Pée KH.

title Characterization of the Aminotransferase ThdN from Thienodolin Biosynthesis in Streptomyces albogriseolus.
journal Chembiochem.
Activity thnj
Family thnj
sel selected
ui 27531243
year (2016)
volume 17
number 19
pages 1859-1864
abstract In Streptomyces albogriseolus the indolethiophen alkaloid thienodolin is derived from tryptophan. The first step in thienodolin biosynthesis is the regioselective chlorination of tryptophan in the 6-position of the indole ring. The second step is catalyzed by the aminotransferase ThdN. ThdN shows sequence homology (up to 69 % similarity) with known pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent aminotransferases of the aspartate aminotransferase family from Gram-positive bacteria. thdN was heterologously expressed in Pseudomonas fluorescens, and the enzyme was purified by nickel-affinity chromatography. ThdN is a homodimeric enzyme with a mass of 90 600 kDa and catalyzes the conversion of l-tryptophan and a number of chlorinated and brominated l-tryptophans. The lowest KM values were found for 6-bromo- and 6-chlorotryptophan (40 and 66 μm, respectively). For l-tryptophan it was 454 μm, which explains why thienodolin is the major product and dechlorothienodolin is only a minor component. The turnover number (kcat ) for 7-chlorotryptophan (128 min-1 ) was higher than that for the natural substrate 6-chlorotryptophan (88 min-1 ).
last changed 2018/03/27 10:07

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