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B6db references: 27709756

type Journal Article
authors Cuetos A, Steffen-Munsberg F, Mangas Sanchez J, Frese A, Bornscheuer UT, Höhne M, Grogan G
title Structural Basis for Phospholyase Activity of a Class III Transaminase Homologue
journal Chembiochem
sel selected
ui 27709756
year (2016)
volume 17
number 24
pages 2308-2311
keywords enzyme catalysis; lyases; phospholyases; pyridoxal phosphate; racemases; transaminases
abstract Pyridoxal-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes catalyse a remarkable diversity of chemical reactions in nature. A1RDF1 from Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 is a fold type I, PLP-dependent enzyme in the class III transaminase (TA) subgroup. Despite sharing 28 % sequence identity with its closest structural homologues, including β-alanine:pyruvate and γ-aminobutyrate:α-ketoglutarate TAs, A1RDF1 displayed no TA activity. Activity screening revealed that the enzyme possesses phospholyase (E.C. activity towards O-phosphoethanolamine (PEtN), an activity described previously for vertebrate enzymes such as human AGXT2L1, enzymes for which no structure has yet been reported. In order to shed light on the distinctive features of PLP-dependent phospholyases, structures of A1RDF1 in complex with PLP (internal aldimine) and PLP⋅PEtN (external aldimine) were determined, revealing the basis of substrate binding and the structural factors that distinguish the enzyme from class III homologues that display TA activity.
last changed 2017/06/23 13:09

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