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B6db references: 28820583

type Journal Article
authors Lin Z, Ji J, Zhou S, Zhang F, Wu J, Guo Y, Liu W
title Processing 2-Methyl-l-Tryptophan through Tandem Transamination and Selective Oxygenation Initiates Indole Ring Expansion in the Biosynthesis of Thiostrepton
journal J Am Chem Soc
Activity tsra
Family tsra
sel selected
ui 28820583
year (2017)
volume 39
number 35
pages 12105-12108
keywords doi: 10.1021/jacs.7b05337
abstract Thiostrepton (TSR), an archetypal member of the family of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified thiopeptide antibiotics, possesses a biologically important quinaldic acid (QA) moiety within the side-ring system of its characteristic thiopeptide framework. QA is derived from an independent l-Trp residue; however, its associated transformation process remains poorly understood. We here report that during the formation of QA, the key expansion of an indole to a quinoline relies on the activities of the pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent protein TsrA and the flavoprotein TsrE. These proteins act in tandem to process the precursor 2-methyl- l-Trp through reversible transamination and selective oxygenation, thereby initiating a highly reactive rearrangement in which selective C2-N1 bond cleavage via hydrolysis for indole ring-opening is closely coupled with C2'-N1 bond formation via condensation for recyclization and ring expansion in the production of a quinoline ketone intermediate. This indole ring-expansion mechanism is unusual, and represents a new strategy found in nature for l-Trp-based functionalization.
last changed 2018/04/03 14:52

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