|Bozler, G.; Robertson, J. M.; Ohsugi, M.; Hensley, C.; Barker, H. A.
|Metabolism of L-beta-lysine in a Pseudomonas: conversion of 6-N-acetyl- L-beta-lysine to 3-keto-6-acetamidohexanoate and of 4-aminobutyrate to succinic semialdehyde by different transaminases
|Arch Biochem Biophys
|6-Aminocaproic Acid/analogs & derivatives/*biosynthesis
|Some kinetic properties of two new species of transaminase found in extracts of a β-lysine-utilizing Pseudomonas are reported. Transaminase A catalyzes transamination between 6-N-acetyl-Image -β-lysine (3-amino-6-acetamidohexanoate) and α-ketoglutarate to form 3-keto-6-acetamidohexanoate and glutamate. Transaminase B catalyzes a reaction between 4-aminobutyrate and pyruvate to form succinic semialdehyde and alanine. The formation of both transaminases is induced by growth of the bacteria on Image -β-lysine, although transaminase B is also produced in the absence of this substrate. Transaminase A requires pyridoxal phosphate for activity. The β-keto acid formed from acetyl-β-lysine by transaminase A has been purified and characterized by decarboxylation, conversion to a formazan, reduction to a stable β-hydroxy acid, and conversion of the latter to its methyl ester. Transaminase B, unlike previously reported transaminases utilizing 4-aminobutyrate, cannot use α-ketoglutarate as an amino group acceptor. This enzyme is not stimulated by addition of pyridoxal phosphate, but is inhibited by hydroxylamine or cyanide. Both transaminases appear to function in the main pathway of β-lysine degradation.