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B6db references: 76005593

type Journal Article
authors Yonaha, K.; Misono, H.; Yamamoto, T.; Soda, K.
title D-amino acid aminotransferase of Bacillus sphaericus. Enzymologic and spectrometric properties
journal J Biol Chem
Activity 2.6.1.21
ui 76005593
year (1975)
volume 250
number 17
pages 6983-9.
 
keywords Amino Acids
abstract D-Amino acid aminotransferase, purified to homogeneity and crystallized from Bacillus sphaericus, has a molecular weight of about 60,000 and consists of two subunits identical in molecular weight (30,000). The enzyme exhibits absorption maxima at 280, 330, and 415 nm, which are independent of the pH (5.5 to 10.0), and contains 2 mol of pyridoxal 5'- phosphate per mol of enzyme. One of the pyridoxal-5'-P, absorbing at 415 nm, is bound in an aldimine linkage to the epsilon-amino group of a lysine residue of the protein, and is released by incubation with phenylhydrazine to yield the catalytically inactive form. The inactive form, which is reactivated by addition of pyridoxal 5'phosphate, still has a 330 nm peak and contains 1 mol of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. Therefore, this form is regarded as a semiapoenzyme. The holoenzyme shows negative circular dichroic bands at 330 and 415 nm. D-Amino acid aminotransferase catalyzes alpha transamination of various D-amino acids and alpha-keto acids. D-Alanine, D-alpha-aminobutyrate and D- glutamate, and alpha-ketoglutarate, pyruvate, and alpha-ketobutyrate are the preferred amino donors and acceptors, respectively. The enzyme activity is significantly affected by both the carbonyl and sulfhydryl reagents. The Michaelis constants are as follows: D-alanine (1.3 and 4.2 mM with alpha-ketobutyrate and alpha-ketoglutarate, respictively), alpha-ketobutyrate (14 mM withD-alanine), alpha-ketoglutarate (3.4 mM with D-alanine), pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (2.3 muM) and pyridoxamine 5'- phosphate (25 muM).
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

B6db references