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B6db references: 77004872

type Journal Article
authors Noguchi, T.; Kido, R.
title Identity of kynurenine: pyruvate aminotransferase with histidine: pyruvate aminotransferase
journal Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem
ui 77004872
year (1976)
volume 357
number 5
pages 649-56.
keywords Animal
abstract Kynurenine pyruvate aminotransferase was purified from rat kidney. The purified enzyme had an isoelectric point of pH 5.2 and a pH optimum of 9.3. The enzyme was active with pyruvate as amino acceptor but not with 2-oxoglutarate, and utilized various aromatic amino acids as amino donors. L-Amino acids were effective in the following order of activity: histidine greather than phenylalanine greater than kynurenine greater than tyrosine greater than tryptophan greater than 5- hydroxytryptophan. The apparent Km values were about 0.63 mM, 1.4 mM and 0.09 mM for histidine, kynurenine and phenylalanine, respectively. Km values for pyruvate were 5.5 mM with histidine as amino donor, 1.3 mM with kynurenine and 8.5 mM with phenylalanine. Kynurenine pyruvate aminotransferase activity of the enzyme was inhibited by the addition of histidine or phenylalanine. The molecular weights determined by gel filtration and sucrose density gradient centrifugation were approximately 76000 and 79000, respectively. On the basis of purification ratio, substrate specificity, inhibition by common substrates, subcellular distribution, isoelectric focusing and polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, it is suggested that kynurenine pyruvate aminotransferase is identical with histidine pyruvate aminotransferase and also with phenylalanine pyruvate aminotransferase. The physiological significance of the enzyme is discussed.
last changed 2002/11/14 15:15

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