|Noguchi, T.; Okuno, E.; Kido, R.
|Identity of isoenzyme 1 of histidine-pyruvate aminotransferase with serine-pyruvate aminotransferase
|After glucagon injection, rats showed virtually identical percentage increases in hepatic histidine-pyruvate aminotransferase and serine- pyruvate aminotransferase activities, both in the mitochondria and in the cytosol. Histidine-pyruvate aminotransferase isoenzyme 1, with pI8.0, was purified to homogeneity from the mitochondrial fraction of liver from glucagon-injected rats. The purified enzyme catalysed transamination between a number of amino acids and pyruvate or phenylpyruvate. For transamination with pyruvate, the activity with serine reached a constant ratio to that with histidine during purification, which was unchanged by a variety of treatments of the purified enzyme. Serine was found to act as a competitive inhibitor of histidine transamination, and histidine of serine transamination. These results suggest that histidine-pyruvate amino-transferase isoenzymes 1 is identical with serine-pyruvate aminotransferase. The enzyme is probably composed of two identical subunits with mol. wt. approx. 38000. The absorbance maximum at 410 nm and the inhibition by carbonyl reagents strongly indicate the presence of pyridoxal phosphate.