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B6db references: 77157102

type Journal Article
authors Gannon, F.; Bridgeland, E. S.; Jones, K. M.
title L-serine dehydratase from Arthrobacter globiformis
journal Biochem J
ui 77157102
year (1977)
volume 161
number 2
pages 345-55.
keywords Arthrobacter/drug effects/*enzymology
abstract 1. L-Serine dehydratase (EC was purified 970-fold from glycine-grown Arthrobacter globiformis to a final specific activity of 660micronmol of pyruvate formed/min per mg of protein. 2. The enzyme is specific for L-serine; D-serine, L-threonine and L-cysteine are not attacked. 3. The time-course of pyruvate formation by the purified enzyme, in common with enzyme in crude extracts and throughout the purification, is non-linear. The reaction rate increases progressively for several minutes before becoming constant. The enzyme is activated by preincubation with L-serine and a linear time-course is then obtained. 4. The substrate-saturation curve for L-serine is sigmoid. The value of [S]0.5 varies with protein concentration, from 6.5mM at 23microng/ml to 20mM at 0.23microng/ml. The Hill coefficient remains constant at 2.9.5 The enzyme shows a non-specific requirement for a univalent or bivalent cation. Half-maximal activity is produced by 1.0mM-MgCl2 or by 22.5mM-KCl. 6. L-Cysteine and D-serine act as competitive inhibitors of L-serine dehydratase, with Ki values of 1.2 and 4.9mM respectively. L-Cysteine, at higher concentrations, also causes a slowly developing irreversible inhibition of the enzyme. 7. Inhibition by HgCl2 (5micronM)can be partially reversed in its initial phase by 1mM-L-cysteine, but after 10 min it becomes irreversible. 8. In contrast with the situation in all cell-free preparations, toluene- treated cells of A. globiformis form pyruvate from L-serine at a constant rate from the initiation of the reaction, show a hyperbolic substrate-saturation curve with an apparent Km of 7mM and do not require a cation for activity.
last changed 2002/11/18 17:04

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