|Ip, M. P.; Thibert, R. J.; Schmidt, D. E., Jr.
|Purification and partial characterization of cysteine-glutamate transaminase from rat liver
|Can J Biochem
|Cysteine-glutamate transaminase (cysteine aminotransferase; EC 126.96.36.199) has been purified 149-fold to an apparent homogeneity giving a specific activity of 2.09 IU per milligram of protein with an overall yield of 15%. The isolation procedures involve the preliminary separation of a crude rat liver homogenate which was submitted sequentially to ammonium sulfate fractionation, TEAE-cellulose column chromatography, ultrafiltration, and isoelectrofocusing. The final product was homogenous when examined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). A minimal molecular weight of 83 500 was determined by Sephadex gel chromatography. The molecular weight as estimated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of SDS was 84 000. The purified enzyme exhibited a pH optimum at 8.2 with cysteine and alpha-ketoglutarate as substrates. The enzyme is inactivated slowly when kept frozen and is completely inactivated if left at room temperature for 1 h. The enzyme does not catalyze the transamination of alpha-methyl-DL-cysteine, which, when present to a final concentration of 10 mM, exhibits a 23.2% inhibition of transamination of 30 mM of cysteine. The mechanism apparently resembles that of aspartate-glutamate transaminase (EC 188.8.131.52) in which the presence of a labile hydrogen on the alpha-carbon in the substrate is one of the strict requirements.