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B6db references: 78124271

type Journal Article
authors Toyama, S.; Misono, H.; Soda, K.
title Properties of taurine: alpha-ketoglutarate aminotransferase of Achromobacter superficialis. Inactivation and reactivation of enzyme
journal Biochim Biophys Acta
ui 78124271
year (1978)
volume 523
number 1
pages 75-81.
keywords Alcaligenes/*enzymology
abstract The activity of taurine: alpha-ketoglutarate aminotransferase (taurine: 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, EC from Achromobacter superficialis is significantly diminished by treatment of the enzyme with (NH4)2SO4 in the course of purification, and recovered by incubation with pyridoxal phosphate at high temperatures such as 60 degrees C. The inactive form of enzyme absorbing at 280 and 345 nm contains 3 mol of pyridoxal phosphate per mol. The activated enzyme contains additional 1 mol of pyridoxal phosphate with a maximum at 430 nm. This peak is shifted to about 400 nm as a shoulder by dialysis of the enzyme, but the activity is not influenced. The inactive form is regarded as a partially resolved form, i.e. a semiapoenzyme. The enzyme catalyzes transamination of various omega-amino aicds with alpha- ketoglutarate, which is the exclusive amino acceptor. Hypotaurine, DL- beta-aminoisobutyrate, beta-alanine and taurine are the preferred amino donors. The apparent Michaelis constants are as follows; taurine 12 mM, hypotaurine 16 mM, DL-beta-aminoisobutyrate 11 mM, beta-alanine 17 mM, alpha ketoglutarate 11 mM and pyridoxal phosphate 5 micron.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

B6db references