|Orlacchio, A.; Borri-Voltattorni, C.
|The steady state kinetics of tyrosine decarboxylase from Streptococcus faecalis
|Ital J Biochem
|The present study has explained the general reaction mechanism of the bacterial tyrosine decarboxylase. The rate equation for this mechanism has been presented. The steady state kinetics of tyrosine decarboxylase, as for tyrosine transaminase, have shown that the apoenzyme can bind not only the coenzyme, but also the non- enzymatically formed Schiff base between the coenzyme and the substrate. Our data then have confirmed the importance of the non- enzymatically formed Schiff base in the B6-dependent enzymes, possibly in all of them which have a low affinity constant for the coenzyme, such that the coenzyme must be present in excess in respect to the protein to saturate the active center. The interaction between apotyrosine decarboxylase with pyridoxal-5'-phosphate and pyridoxamine- 5'-phosphate has been studied.