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B6db references: 83007203

type Journal Article
authors Gavilanes, F.; Peterson, D.; Schirch, L.
title Methyl methanethiosulfonate as an active site probe of serine hydroxymethyltransferase
journal J Biol Chem
ui 83007203
year (1982)
volume 257
number 19
pages 11431-6.
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract Using methyl methanethiosulfonate and other sulfhydryl group modification reagents we have studied the structure and function of sulfhydryl groups in rabbit liver cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferase. From a tryptic digest of the enzyme, seven cysteine-containing peptides were isolated and sequenced. These peptides contained a total of 8 cysteine residues. There are no disulfide bonds in this enzyme. Of the eight sulfhydryl groups, four react with methyl methanethiosulfonate. Two sulfhydryl groups react rapidly with this reagent without altering enzyme catalytic activity. The remaining two sulfhydryl groups react more slowly and cause loss of greater than 90% of the catalytic activity of the enzyme. This nearly inactive enzyme contains pyridoxal-P and can form an enzyme-substrate complex. However, the complex dissociates from the active site suggesting that one possible role for a sulfhydryl group is to stabilize the enzyme-substrate complex. The sequence of the cysteine- containing peptide which is responsible for the mechanism-based inactivation of serine hydroxymethyltransferase by D-3-fluoroalanine was determined. This sulfhydryl group was shown not to be essential to the enzyme for catalytic activity. Also, the sequence of one of the cysteine peptides shows considerable homology to the active site cysteine peptide from tryptophan synthase.
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

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