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B6db references: 83307804

type Journal Article
authors Prabhakaran, K.; Harris, E. B.; Kirchheimer, W. F.
title Glutamic acid decarboxylase in Mycobacterium leprae
journal Arch Microbiol
ui 83307804
year (1983)
volume 134
number 4
pages 320-3.
keywords Carboxy-Lyases/*metabolism
abstract Suspensions of Mycobacterium leprae purified from the organs (mostly spleen) of experimentally-infected armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus, Linn) decarboxylated 1-(14C) glutamic acid liberating 14CO2. The reaction was pyridoxal phosphate-dependent and was inhibited by hydroxylamine, suggesting that it is a true amino acid decarboxylase. Loss of the activity at higher temperatures indicated the enzymatic nature of the reaction. Excess substrate or substrate analogs inhibited the decarboxylase whereas alpha-ketoglutarate and glutarate stimulated it. The activity was four times higher at pH 4.5 than at pH 6.8, suggesting that the enzyme is of microbial origin and not derived form the host cells. Armadillo spleen did not decarboxylate the amino acid. The Km value of the enzyme in the organisms was similar to that in Escherichia coli. The results reported here show that glutamate decarboxylase (EC is an inherent metabolic activity of M. leprae, and might explain its unusual neural affinity. Glutamic acid is the most abundant amino acid occurring in the nerve tissue.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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