|Whalen, W. A.; Berg, C. M.
|Gratuitous repression of avtA in Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium
|avtA , which encodes transaminase C (alanine-valine transaminase), is repressed by excess-L-alanine or L-leucine, and also by limitation for any of a number of amino acids in Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. Amino acid limitation causes repression by promoting the accumulation of L-alanine or L-leucine or both. avtA is also repressed by L-alpha-aminobutyric acid and other nonprotein amino acids which are structurally similar to L-alanine. We hypothesize that L-alanine and L- alpha-aminobutyric acid, whose syntheses are catalyzed by transaminase C, are the true corepressors of avtA . Repression by structural analogs of the true corepressors is termed gratuitous repression.