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B6db references: 85095867

type Journal Article
authors Beattie, D. S.; Scotto, A. W.; Reddy, U.; DeLoskey, R.; Bosch, C. G.
title Pyridoxal phosphate protects against an irreversible temperature- dependent inactivation of hepatic delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase
journal Arch Biochem Biophys
ui 85095867
year (1985)
volume 236
number 1
pages 311-20.
keywords 5-Aminolevulinate Synthetase/*metabolism
abstract The stability of hepatic delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase (ALAS), the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the heme biosynthetic pathway, was investigated. Incubation of the mitochondrial matrix fraction obtained from either control or allylisopropylacetamide-induced rats at 37 degrees C in Tris-Cl, pH 7.4, EDTA, and dithiothreitol resulted in a rapid decrease in ALAS activity such that 50-70% of the activity was lost after 30 min. Similar decreases in ALAS activity were observed when a cytosolic fraction from the induced animals was incubated at 37 degrees C. Addition of 0.1 mM pyridoxal-P, the cofactor of ALAS, to the preincubation medium completely prevented the observed loss of activity; however, dialysis of the inactive matrix fraction against several changes of buffer containing pyridoxal-P did not restore activity, suggesting that the inactivation was irreversible. These decreases in ALAS activity in the absence of pyridoxal-P were temperature dependent, as a 55% loss of ALAS activity was observed after a 60-min incubation at 30 degrees C, while the enzyme was completely stable when preincubated at 22 degrees C for 60 min. This inactivation of ALAS does not appear to involve proteolytic digestion, as addition of a wide spectrum of protease inhibitors to the preincubation medium in the absence of pyridoxal-P did not protect against the inactivation. The suggestion is made that the cofactor, pyridoxal-P, may dissociate from the enzyme during the preincubation and, consequently, the apoenzyme may be irreversibly inactivated at temperatures above 22 degrees C.
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

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