|Lowe, P. N.; Rowe, A. F.
|Aspartate: 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase from trichomonas vaginalis. Identity of aspartate aminotransferase and aromatic amino acid aminotransferase
|Amino Acids, Dicarboxylic/pharmacology
|Aspartate: 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase from the anaerobic protozoon Trichomonas vaginalis was purified to homogeneity and characterized. It is a dimeric protein of overall Mr approx. 100000. Only a single isoenzyme was found in T. vaginalis. The overall molecular and catalytic properties have features in common with both the vertebrate cytoplasmic and mitochondrial isoenzymes. The purified aspartate aminotransferase from T. vaginalis showed very high rates of activity with aromatic amino acids as donors and 2-oxoglutarate as acceptor. This broad-spectrum activity was restricted to aromatic amino acids and aromatic 2-oxo acids, and no significant activity was seen with other common amino acids, other than with the substrates and products of the aspartate: 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase reaction. Co-purification and co-inhibition, by the irreversible inhibitor gostatin, of the aromatic amino acid aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities, in conjunction with competitive substrate experiments, strongly suggest that a single enzyme is responsible for both activities. Such high rates of aromatic amino acid aminotransferase activity have not been reported before in eukaryotic aspartate aminotransferase.