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B6db references: 86243373

type Journal Article
authors Drewe, W. F., Jr.; Dunn, M. F.
title Characterization of the reaction of L-serine and indole with Escherichia coli tryptophan synthase via rapid-scanning ultraviolet- visible spectroscopy
journal Biochemistry
ui 86243373
year (1986)
volume 25
number 9
pages 2494-501.
keywords Escherichia coli/*enzymology
abstract The pre-steady-state reaction of indole and L-serine with the alpha 2 beta 2 complex of Escherichia coli tryptophan synthase has been investigated under different premixing conditions with rapid-scanning stopped-flow (RSSF) UV-visible spectroscopy for the spectral range 300- 550 nm. When alpha 2 beta 2 was mixed with indole and L-serine, the reaction of alpha 2 beta 2 was found to occur in three detectable relaxations (1/tau 1 greater than 1/tau 2 greater than 1/tau 3) with rate constants identical with the three relaxations seen in the partial reaction with L-serine [Drewe, W.F., Jr., & Dunn, M.F. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 3977-3987]. Kinetic isotope effects due to substitution of 2H for the alpha-1H of serine were found to be similar to the effects observed in the reaction with serine only. The observed spectral changes and isotope effects indicate that the aldimine of L- serine and PLP and the first quinoid derived from this external aldimine are transient species that accumulate during tau 1. Conversion of these intermediates to the alpha-aminoacrylate Schiff base during tau 2 and tau 3 limits the rate of formation of the second quinoidal species (lambda max 476 nm) generated via C-C bond formation between indole and the alpha-aminoacrylate intermediate. The pre-steady-state reaction of the alpha 2 beta 2-serine mixture with indole is comprised of four relaxations (1/tau 1* greater than 1/tau 2* greater than 1/tau 3* greater than 1/tau 4*).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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