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B6db references: 86295760

type Journal Article
authors Chhabra, R.; Singh, N. K.; Datta, K.
title Induction of L-alanine:4,5-dioxovalerate transaminase by phenylhydrazine is associated with depletion of heme level
journal Biochem Biophys Res Commun
ui 86295760
year (1986)
volume 138
number 2
pages 742-50.
keywords Anemia/enzymology
abstract The hemin regulation of L-alanine:4,5-dioxovalerate transaminase, the enzyme proposed for an alternate route of delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) biosynthesis in mammalian system was studied in different conditions: phenylhydrazine induced anemia, polycythemia by erythropoietin to anemic rats, treatment with cobalt chloride, a porphyrogenic drug. The activity of L- alanine:4,5-dioxovalerate transaminase in liver and kidney is stimulated in phenylhydrazine, whereas, erythropoietin injection to anemic rats prevents such stimulation. Further treatment with cobalt chloride to erythropoietin treated anemic rats stimulates the enzyme activity. Actinomycin D, however, inhibits the stimulation of L-alanine:4,5-dioxovalerate transaminase by phenylhydrazine suggesting that induction is at the level of transcription. Induced level of this enzyme in anemic condition was estimated quantitatively by radial immunodiffusion using antibody raised against L-alanine:4,5-dioxovalerate transaminase. Moreover, our studies reveal that stimulation of L-alanine:4,5- dioxovalerate transaminase in anemic condition is dependent on depletion of heme level. The regulatory role of intracellular heme pool on the induction of this enzyme suggests its physiological importance in heme biosynthesis.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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