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B6db references: 87010283

type Journal Article
authors Williams, R. D.; Sgoutas, D. S.; Zaatari, G. S.
title Enzymology of long-chain base synthesis by aorta: induction of serine palmitoyltransferase activity in rabbit aorta during atherogenesis
journal J Lipid Res
ui 87010283
year (1986)
volume 27
number 7
pages 763-70.
keywords Acyltransferases/*metabolism
abstract Serine palmitoyltransferase [EC] initiates the biosynthesis of sphingolipids by catalyzing the condensation of a fatty acyl-CoA with serine to yield the committed intermediate 3-ketosphinganine or one of its homologues. The presence of serine palmitoyltransferase in aorta was established under optimal assay conditions using microsomes from New Zealand White rabbits. Its activity was dependent on microsomal protein, L-serine, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, and palmitoyl-CoA. Although several different saturated and unsaturated fatty acyl-CoA thioesters were utilized as substrates, maximal activity was with palmitoyl-CoA, suggesting that this enzyme contributes to the predominance of 18- carbon long-chain bases in sphingolipids from aorta. Rabbits, fed a Purina lab chow supplemented with 2% cholesterol, were used to study serine palmitoyltransferase activity in aorta during experimental atherogenesis. An increase in activity from intimal-medial preparations was detectable prior to prominent lipid accumulation or cellular proliferation. Activity continued to elevate over the 12-week duration of feeding concurrent with the increase in serum cholesterol and in proportion to the development of plaques resulting in a 3.7-fold increase in activity (20.7 +/- 2.6 pmol per min per mg microsomal protein +/- SE in the cholesterol-fed group versus 5.6 +/- 1.9 in the pair-fed controls also matched for age and sex; P less than 0.005). Thus, the accumulation of sphingomyelin that occurs in aorta during experimental atherogenesis may be related to increased long-chain base synthesis by serine palmitoyltransferase.
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

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