|Stevens, J. L.; Robbins, J. D.; Byrd, R. A.
|A purified cysteine conjugate beta-lyase from rat kidney cytosol. Requirement for an alpha-keto acid or an amino acid oxidase for activity and identity with soluble glutamine transaminase K
|J Biol Chem
|Amino Acid Oxidoreductases/metabolism/*pharmacology
|Cysteine conjugate beta-lyase has been purified from rat kidney cytosol. The enzyme is a 100,000-dalton dimer of two 55,000-dalton subunits and has an absorption maximum at 432 nm. The enzyme has phenylalanine alpha-keto-gamma-methiolbutyrate transaminase activity and appears to be identical to rat kidney cytosolic glutamine transaminase K. Metabolism of S-1,2-dichlorovinyl-L-cysteine (DCVC) by the purified enzyme was dependent on the presence of either alpha-keto- gamma-methiolbutyrate or a protein factor which is present in the cytosolic fraction of rat kidney cortex. The protein factor was identified as a flavin containing L-amino acid oxidase which oxidized DCVC to S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-3-mercapto-2-oxopropionic acid. S-(1,2- Dichlorovinyl)-3-mercapto-2-oxopropionic acid has not been previously reported as a metabolite of DCVC. The data also show that rat kidney cytosolic glutamine transaminase K catalyzes both a beta-elimination and a transamination reaction with DCVC when alpha-keto-gamma- methiolbutyrate is present and that amino acid oxidase and alpha-keto- gamma-methiolbutyrate stimulate the enzyme activity by providing amino acceptors. When incubations were done with DCVC as substrate in the presence of excess alpha-keto-gamma-methiolbutyrate, the beta-lyase catalyzed beta-elimination and transamination in a ratio of 1:1.3, respectively. Under conditions where most of the alpha-keto-gamma- methiolbutyrate was consumed, the beta-elimination predominated indicating that the S-1,2-dichlorovinyl-3-mercapto-2-oxopropionic acid pool was consumed by transamination after the alpha-keto-gamma- methiolbutyrate had been depleted. The data are discussed with regard to the importance of these pathways as regulators or participants in the toxicity of S-cysteine conjugates.