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B6db references: 89010793

type Journal Article
authors Hadjiconstantinou, M.; Rossetti, Z.; Silvia, C.; Krajnc, D.; Neff, N. H.
title Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase activity of the rat retina is modulated in vivo by environmental light
journal J Neurochem
ui 89010793
year (1988)
volume 51
number 5
pages 1560-4.
keywords Animal
abstract Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity of rat retina is low in animals placed in the dark. When the room lights are turned on, activity rises for almost 3 h and reaches values that are about twice the values found in the dark. A study of the kinetics of the enzyme revealed that the apparent Km values for L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate were unchanged in light- and dark-exposed animals, whereas the Vmax increased in the light. Treating the animals with cycloheximide before exposure to light prevented the increase of enzyme activity. Immunotitration with antibodies to AAAD suggested that more enzyme molecules are present in the light than in the dark. When the room lights are turned off AAAD activity drops rapidly at first and then more slowly, suggesting that at least two processes are responsible for the fall of enzyme activity. Exposure to short periods of dark followed by light results in a rapid increase of AAAD activity. Mixing homogenates from light- and dark-exposed rats results in activity values that are less than expected, suggesting the presence of an endogenous inhibitor(s). These studies demonstrate that AAAD activity is modulated in vivo.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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