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B6db references: 8907187

type Journal Article
authors Okamoto, A.; Kato, R.; Masui, R.; Yamagishi, A.; Oshima, T.; Kuramitsu, S.
title An aspartate aminotransferase from an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8
journal J Biochem (Tokyo)
sel selected
ui 8907187
year (1996)
volume 119
number 1
pages 135-44
abstract The aspartate aminotransferase gene (AspAT, EC of an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8, was cloned and sequenced, and its gene product was overproduced. The purified T. thermophilus AspAT was stable up to about 80 degrees C at neutral pH. T. thermophilus AspAT was strictly specific for acidic amino acid substrates, such as aspartate, glutamate, and the respective keto acids. The gene coding for T. thermophilus AspAT showed that it comprised 1,155 bp with a high G+C content (70 mol%), and encoded a 385-residue protein with a molecular weight of 42,050. The amino acid sequence of T. thermophilus AspAT deduced from its gene showed about 15, 46, and 29% homology with those from Escherichia coli, Bacillus sp. YM-2, and Sulfolobus solfataricus, respectively. When the amino acid sequence of T. thermophilus AspAT was compared with that of E. coli AspAT, the number of Cys was found to have decreased from 5 to 1, that of Asn from 23 to 9, that of Gln from 16 to 8, and that of Asp from 20 to 13, all of which are known to be relatively labile at high temperatures. Conversely, the number of Pro was increased from 15 to 25, Arg from 22 to 32, and Glu 27 to 37. As shown by the E. coli AspAT structure, there was a marked tendency for the extra prolyl residues to be located around the surface of the molecule. This was quite different from that in the case of RecA protein, which shows an increased number of prolyl residues in the interior of its molecule. Different strategies of different proteins as to prolyl contribution to thermostability have been suggested. Despite the high degree of conservation of active-site residues, Arg292 in E. coli AspAT, which interacts with the distal carboxylate of the substrate, was not found in T. thermophilus AspAT. Arg89 may complement the function of Arg292.
last changed 2009/02/17 12:13

B6db references