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B6db references: 89166458

type Journal Article
authors Shostak, K.; Schirch, V.
title Serine hydroxymethyltransferase: mechanism of the racemization and transamination of D- and L-alanine
journal Biochemistry
ui 89166458
year (1988)
volume 27
number 21
pages 8007-14.
keywords Alanine/*metabolism
abstract The reaction specificity and stereochemical control of Escherichia coli serine hydroxymethyltransferase were investigated with D- and L-alanine as substrates. An active-site H228N mutant enzyme binds both D- and L- alanine with Kd values of 5 mM as compared to 30 and 10 mM, respectively, for the wild-type enzyme. Both wild-type and H228N enzymes form quinonoid complexes absorbing at 505 nm by catalyzing the loss of the alpha-proton from both D- and L-alanine. Racemization and transamination reactions were observed to occur with both alanine isomers as substrates. The relative rates of these reactions are quinonoid formation greater than alpha-proton solvent exchange greater than racemization greater than transamination. The observation that the rate of quinonoid formation with either alanine isomer is an order of magnitude faster than solvent exchange suggests that the alpha-protons from both D- and L-alanine are transferred to base(s) on the enzyme. The rate of racemization is 2 orders of magnitude slower than the formation of the quinonoid complexes. This latter difference in rate suggests that the quinonoid complexes formed from D- and L-alanine are not identical. The difference in structure of the two quinonoid complexes is proposed to be the active-site location of the alpha- protons lost from the two alanine isomers, rather than two orientations of the pyridoxal phosphate ring. The results are consistent with a two- base mechanism for racemization.
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

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