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B6db references: 89361436

type Journal Article
authors Stapleton, A.; Tyrer, N. M.; Goosey, M. W.; Cooper, M. E.
title A rapid purification of L-glutamic acid decarboxylase from the brain of the locust Schistocerca gregaria
journal J Neurochem
ui 89361436
year (1989)
volume 53
number 4
pages 1126-33.
keywords Animal
abstract L-Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; EC was purified to apparent homogeneity from the brain of the locust Schistocerca gregaria using a combination of chromatofocusing (Mono P) and gel filtration (Superose 12) media. The homogeneity of the enzyme preparation was established by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) with silver staining. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated from native gradient gel electrophoresis and gel filtration chromatography to be 97,000 +/- 4,000 and 93,000 +/- 5,000, respectively. When analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-PAGE, the enzyme was found to be composed of two distinct subunits of Mr 51,000 +/- 1,000 and 44,000 +/- 1,500. Tryptic peptide maps of iodinated preparations of these two subunits showed considerable homology, suggesting that the native enzyme is a dimer of closely related subunits. The purified enzyme had a pH optimum of 7.0-7.4 in 100 mM potassium phosphate buffer and an apparent Km for glutamate of 5.0 mM. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by the carbonyl-trapping reagent aminooxyacetic acid with an I50 value of 0.2 microM.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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