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B6db references: 91115885

type Journal Article
authors Sung, M. H.; Tanizawa, K.; Tanaka, H.; Kuramitsu, S.; Kagamiyama, H.; Hirotsu, K.; Okamoto, A.; Higuchi, T.; Soda, K.
title Thermostable aspartate aminotransferase from a thermophilic Bacillus species. Gene cloning, sequence determination, and preliminary x-ray characterization
journal J Biol Chem
ui 91115885
year (1991)
volume 266
number 4
pages 2567-72.
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract The gene encoding aspartate aminotransferase of a thermophilic Bacillus species, YM-2, has been cloned and expressed efficiently in Escherichia coli. The primary structure of the enzyme was deduced from nucleotide sequences of the gene and confirmed mostly by amino acid sequences of tryptic peptides. The gene consists of 1,176 base pairs encoding a protein of 392 amino acid residues; the molecular mass of the enzyme subunit is estimated to be 42,661 daltons. The active site lysyl residue that binds the coenzyme, pyridoxal phosphate, was identified as Lys-239. Comparison of the amino acid sequence with those of aspartate aminotransferases from other organisms revealed very low overall similarities (13-14%) except for the sequence of the extremely thermostable enzyme from Sulfolobus solfataricus (34%). Several amino acid residues conserved in all the compared sequences include those that have been reported to participate in binding of the coenzyme in three-dimensional structures of the vertebrate and E. coli enzymes. However, the strictly conserved arginyl residue that is essential for binding of the distal carboxyl group of substrates is not found in the corresponding region of the sequences of the thermostable enzymes from the Bacillus species and S. solfataricus. The Bacillus aspartate aminotransferase has been purified from the E. coli clone cell extracts on a large scale and crystallized in the buffered ammonium sulfate solution by the hanging drop method. The crystals are monoclinic with unit cell dimensions a = 121.2 A, b = 110.5 A, c = 81.8 A, and beta = 97.6 degrees, belonging to space group C2, and contain two molecules in the asymmetric unit. The crystals of the enzyme-alpha-methylaspartate complex are isomorphous with those without the substrate analog.
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

B6db references