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B6db references: 91255230

type Journal Article
authors Ishiguro, M.; Suzuki, M.; Takio, K.; Matsuzawa, T.; Titani, K.
title Complete amino acid sequence of rat liver cytosolic alanine aminotransferase.
journal Biochemistry
ui 91255230
year (1991)
volume 30
number 24
pages 6048-53
abstract The complete amino acid sequence of rat liver cytosolic alanine aminotransferase (EC is presented. Two primary sets of overlapping fragments were obtained by cleavage of the pyridylethylated protein at methionyl and lysyl bonds with cyanogen bromide and Achromobacter protease I, respectively. The protein was found to be acetylated at the amino terminus and contained 495 amino acid residues. The molecular weight of the subunit was calculated to be 55,018 which was in good agreement with a molecular weight of 55,000 determined by SDS-PAGE and also indicated that the active enzyme with a molecular weight of 114,000 was a homodimer composed of two identical subunits. No highly homologous sequence was found in protein sequence databases except for a 20-residue sequence around the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate binding site of the pig heart enzyme [Tanase, S., Kojima, H., & Morino, Y. (1979) Biochemistry 18, 3002-3007], which was almost identical with that of residues 303-322 of the rat liver enzyme. In spite of rather low homology scores, rat alanine aminotransferase is clearly homologous to those of other aminotransferases from the same species, e.g., cytosolic tyrosine aminotransferase (24.7% identity), cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase (17.0%), and mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase (16.0%). Most of the crucial amino acid residues hydrogen-bonding to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate identified in aspartate aminotransferase by X-ray crystallography are conserved in alanine aminotransferase. This suggests that the topology of secondary structures characteristic in the large domain of other alpha-aminotransferases with known tertiary structure may also be conserved in alanine aminotransferase.
last changed 2003/10/20 16:29

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