|Lain-Guelbenzu, B.; Cardenas, J.; Munoz-Blanco, J.
|Purification and properties of L-alanine aminotransferase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
|Eur J Biochem
|An enzyme which catalyzes the transamination of L-alanine with 2-oxoglutarate has been purified 157-fold to electrophoretic homogeneity from the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii 6145c. The enzyme showed maximal activity at pH 7.3 and 50 degrees C, has an apparent molecular mass of 105 kDa as estimated by gel filtration, and consists of two identical subunits of 45 kDa each as deduced from PAGE/SDS studies. A stoichiometry of two moles pyridoxal 5-phosphate/mole enzyme was calculated. The enzyme has an isoelectric point of 8.3 and its absorption spectrum exhibits a maximum at 412 nm which is shifted to 330 nm upon addition of L-alanine. Pyridoxal 5-phosphate protected activity against heat inactivation and, to a minor extent, L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate, but not L-glutamate. Spectral data and activity inhibition and protection studies strongly support the involvement of pyridoxal 5-phosphate in enzyme catalysis through a Schiff's base formation. The purified enzyme was able to transaminate only L-alanine and L-glutamate with glyoxylate out of ten amino acids tested. L-Alanine aminotransferase exhibited hyperbolic kinetic for 2-oxoglutarate, pyruvate, and L-glutamate, and nonhyperbolic behaviour for L-alanine. Apparent Km values were 0.054 mM for 2-oxoglutarate, 0.52 for L-glutamate, 0.24 mM for pyruvate, and 2.7 mM for L-alanine. Transamination of L-alanine in C. reinhardtii is a bisubstrate reaction with a bi-bi ping-pong mechanism, and is not inhibited by substrates.