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B6db references: 92322008

type Journal Article
authors Mizutani, T.; Kurata, H.; Yamada, K.; Totsuka, T.
title Some properties of murine selenocysteine synthase
journal Biochem J
sel unselected
ui 92322008
year (1992)
volume 284
number Pt 3
pages 827-34.
keywords Animal
abstract Selenocysteine (Scy) was synthesized on natural opal suppressor tRNA(Ser) by conversion from seryl-tRNA. We studied the mechanisms of the synthesis of mammalian Scy-tRNA using hydro[75Se]selenide (H75Se-). We found Scy synthase activity in the 105,000 g supernatant of a murine liver extract. The supernatant was chromatographed on DEAE-cellulose, and the activity was eluted at 0.12 M-KCl. The reaction mixture for synthesis of Scy-tRNA contained suppressor tRNA, serine, ATP, seryl- tRNA synthetase (SerRS), HSe- and the enzyme to synthesize Scy-tRNA. These are all essential for the synthesis of Scy-tRNA. Scy in the tRNA product was confirmed by five t.l.c. systems. The conversion from seryl- tRNA to Scy-tRNA was also confirmed with the use of [14C]- and [3H]- serine. The apparent Km values for the substrates serine, tRNA, ATP and HSe- were 30 microM, 140 nM, 2 mM and 40 nM respectively. The active eluates from DEAE-cellulose contained no tRNA kinase. This result showed that Scy-tRNA was not synthesized through phosphoseryl-tRNA. ATP was necessary when Scy-tRNA was synthesized from seryl-tRNA and HSe-. Therefore ATP is used for not only the synthesis of seryl-tRNA but also for the synthesis of Scy-tRNA from seryl-tRNA. The active fraction from DEAE-cellulose was chromatographed on Sephacryl S-300, but the activity disappeared. However, the activity was recovered by mixing the eluates corresponding to proteins of 500 kDa and 20 kDa. In order to examine the binding of HSe- to proteins, a mixture of the active fraction, H75Se- and ATP was analysed by chromatography on Sephacryl S-300. The 75Se radioactivity was found at the position of a 20 kDa protein in the presence of ATP. Thus the 20 kDa protein plays a role in binding HSe- in the presence of ATP. The 500 kDa protein must have a role in the synthesis of Scy-tRNA. There are two natural suppressor serine tRNAs, tRNA(NCA) and tRNA(CmCA), in cell cytosol. The present paper shows that the suppressor tRNA fraction, eluted later on benzoylated DEAE-(BD- )cellulose, is a better substrate with which to synthesize Scy-tRNA. Thus we consider that murine Scy-tRNA is synthesized from a suppressor seryl-tRNA on the 500 kDa protein with the activated HSe-, which is synthesized with ATP on the 20 kDa protein. This mammalian mechanism used to synthesize Scy is similar to that seen in Escherichia coli.
last changed 2010/01/12 13:20

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