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B6db references: 93345521

type Journal Article
authors Hofmeister, A. E.; Grabowski, R.; Linder, D.; Buckel, W.
title L-serine and L-threonine dehydratase from Clostridium propionicum. Two enzymes with different prosthetic groups
journal Eur J Biochem
ui 93345521
year (1993)
volume 215
number 2
pages 341-9.
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract L-Serine dehydratase from the Gram-positive bacterium Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus is novel in the group of enzymes deaminating 2-hydroxyamino acids in that it is an iron-sulfur protein and lacks pyridoxal phosphate [Grabowski, R. and Buckel, W. (1991) Eur. J. Biochem. 199, 89-94]. It was proposed that this type of L-serine dehydratase is widespread among bacteria but has escaped intensive characterization due to its oxygen lability. Here, we present evidence that another Gram-positive bacterium, Clostridium propionicum, contains both an iron-sulfur-dependent L-serine dehydratase and a pyridoxal- phosphate-dependent L-threonine dehydratase. These findings support the notion that two independent mechanisms exist for the deamination of 2- hydroxyamino acids. L-Threonine dehydratase was purified 400-fold to apparent homogeneity and revealed as being a tetramer of identical subunits (m = 39 kDa). The purified enzyme exhibited a specific activity of 5 mu kat/mg protein and a Km for L-threonine of 7.7 mM. L- Serine (Km = 380 mM) was also deaminated, the V/Km ratio, however, being 118-fold lower than the one for L-threonine. L-Threonine dehydratase was inactivated by borohydride, hydroxylamine and phenylhydrazine, all known inactivators of pyridoxal-phosphate- containing enzymes. Incubation with NaB3H4 specifically labelled the enzyme. Activity of the phenylhydrazine-inactivated enzyme could be restored by pyridoxal phosphate. L-Serine dehydratase was also purified 400-fold, but its extreme instability did not permit purification to homogeneity. The enzyme was specific for L-serine (Km = 5 mM) and was inhibited by L-cysteine (Ki = 0.5 mM) and D-serine (Ki = 8 mM). Activity was insensitive towards borohydride, hydroxylamine and phenylhydrazine but was rapidly lost upon exposure to air. Fe2+ specifically reactivated the enzyme. L-Serine dehydratase was composed of two different subunits (alpha, m = 30 kDa; beta, m = 26 kDa), their apparent molecular masses being similar to the ones of the two subunits of the iron-sulfur-dependent enzyme from P. asaccharolyticus. Moreover, the N-terminal sequences of the small subunits from these two organisms were found to be 47% identical. In addition, 38% identity with the N- terminus of one of the two L-serine dehydratases of Escherichia coli was detected.
last changed 2008/04/01 16:02

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