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B6db references: 95050598

type Journal Article
authors Saito, K.; Tatsuguchi, K.; Takagi, Y.; Murakoshi, I.
title Isolation and characterization of cDNA that encodes a putative mitochondrion-localizing isoform of cysteine synthase (O- acetylserine(thiol)-lyase) from Spinacia oleracea
journal J Biol Chem
ui 95050598
year (1994)
volume 269
number 45
pages 28187-92.
keywords Amino Acid Sequence
abstract The cDNA clones that encode a putative mitochondrion-localizing isoform of cysteine synthase (O-acetyl-L-serine(thiol)-lyase, O-acetyl-L-serine acetate-lyase (adding hydrogen sulfide), EC, which is denoted as cysteine synthase C, were isolated from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 368 amino acids containing a putative transit peptide of 30-40 amino acids at the N terminus. This leader peptide sequence exhibited several structural features common to other mitochondrion-targeting transit peptides. Homology was also detected between the putative transit peptide sequence of cysteine synthase C and other mitochondrion-targeting leader sequences. A deduced amino acid sequence of cysteine synthase C exhibited a homology of 61% with cytoplasmic isoform A and 63% with chloroplastic isoform B. A bacterial expression vector of the cDNA clone could genetically complement an Escherichia coli auxotroph lacking cysteine synthase loci and could produce the functionally active and immunoreactive cysteine synthase in E. coli. DNA blot hybridization analysis showed the presence of one or two copies of cysC gene in the genome of spinach. RNA blot hybridization analysis indicated that the expression level of cysC gene was lower than those of cysA and cysB and that the mode of cysC expression was constitutive in green and etiolated seedlings of spinach. The molecular evolutionary study of cysteine synthase proteins from plants and bacteria suggested that a common ancestor cysteine synthase gene has evolved into five cysteine synthase gene families, plant isoform A family, plant isoform B family, plant isoform C family, bacterial cysK family, and bacterial cysM family.
last changed 2003/03/17 14:53

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