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B6db references: 95290998

type Journal Article
authors Navarre, D. A.; Wolpert, T. J.
title Inhibition of the glycine decarboxylase multienzyme complex by the host- selective toxin victorin
journal Plant Cell
ui 95290998
year (1995)
volume 7
number 4
pages 463-71.
keywords Amino Acid Oxidoreductases/*antagonists & inhibitors
abstract Victoria blight of oats is caused by the fungus Cochliobolus victoriae. This fungus is pathogenic due to its ability to produce the host- selective toxin victorin. We previously identified a 100-kD protein that binds victorin in vivo only in susceptible genotypes and a 15-kD protein that binds victorin in vivo in both susceptible and resistant genotypes. Recently, we determined that the oat 100-kD victorin binding protein is the P protein of the glycine decarboxylase complex (GDC). In this study, we examined the effect of victorin on glycine decarboxylase activity (GDA). Victorin was a potent in vivo inhibitor of GDA. Leaf slices pretreated for 2 hr with victorin displayed an effective concentration for 50% inhibition (EC50) of 81 pM for GDA. Victorin inhibited the glycine-bicarbonate exchange reaction in vitro with an EC50 of 23 microM. We also identified a 15-kD mitochondrial protein that bound victorin in a ligand-specific manner. Based on amino acid sequence analysis, we concluded that the 15-kD mitochondrial protein is the H protein component of the GDC. Thus, victorin specifically binds to two components of the GDC. GDA in resistant tissue treated with 100 micrograms/mL victorin for 5 hr was inhibited 26%, presumably as a consequence of the interaction of victorin with the H protein. Victorin had no detectable effect on GDA in isolated mitochondria, apparently due to the inability of isolated mitochondria to import victorin. These results suggest that the interaction of victorin with the GDC is central to victorin's mode of action.
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

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