Activities | Families | Sequences | Fold types | References | Help
B6db references: 96164390

type Journal Article
authors Van Ophem, P. W.; Pospischil, M. A.; Ringe, D.; Peisach, D.; Petsko, G.; Soda, K.; Manning, J. M.
title Catalytic ability and stability of two recombinant mutants of D-amino acid transaminase involved in coenzyme binding
journal Protein Sci
ui 96164390
year (1995)
volume 4
number 12
pages 2578-86.
keywords Alanine/metabolism
abstract Of the major amino acid side chains that anchor pyridoxal 5'-phosphate at the coenzyme binding site of bacterial D-amino acid transaminase, two have been substituted using site-directed mutagenesis. Thus, Ser- 180 was changed to an Ala (S180A) with little effect on enzyme activity, but replacement of Tyr-31 by Gln (Y31Q) led to 99% loss of activity. Titration of SH groups of the native Y31Q enzyme with DTNB proceeded much faster and to a greater extent than the corresponding titration for the native wild-type and S180A mutant enzymes. The stability of each mutant to denaturing agents such as urea or guanidine was similar, i.e., in their PLP forms, S180A and Y31Q lost 50% of their activities at a 5-15% lower concentration of urea or guanidine than did the wild-type enzyme. Upon removal of denaturing agent, significant activity was restored in the absence of added pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, but addition of thiols was required. In spite of its low activity, Y31Q was able to form the PMP form of the enzyme just as readily as the wild- type and the S180A enzymes in the presence of normal D-amino acid substrates. However, beta-chloro-D-alanine was a much better substrate and inactivator of the Y31Q enzyme than it was for the wild-type or S180A enzymes, most likely because the Y31Q mutant formed the pyridoxamine 5-phosphate form more rapidly than the other two enzymes. The stereochemical fidelity of the Y31Q recombinant mutant enzyme was much less than that of the S180A and wild-type enzymes because racemase activity, i.e., conversion of L-alanine to D-alanine, was higher than for the wild-type or S180A mutant enzymes, perhaps because the coenzyme has more flexibility in this mutant enzyme.
last changed 2002/11/04 17:41

B6db references