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B6db references: 96252880

type Journal Article
authors Papadopoulos, A. I.; Walker, J.; Barrett, J.
title A novel cystathionine beta-synthase from Panagrellus redivivus (Nematoda)
journal Int J Biochem Cell Biol
ui 96252880
year (1996)
volume 28
number 5
pages 543-9.
keywords Animal
abstract The free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus can be used as a biochemical model for parasitic nematodes in the search for new chemotherapeutic agents. A novel cystathionine beta-synthase has been purified 3600-fold from the cytosol of P. redivivus. The enzyme catalyses the synthesis of cystathionine from homocysteine plus serine or cysteine. The enzyme, native M(r) 71.7 kDa, pI 4.7, is a dimer and also catalyses the replacement of the beta-SH group of cysteine with 2- mercaptoethanol to yield a thioether, S-(2-hydroxyethyl) cysteine and H2S. This reaction proceeds much faster than cystathionine synthesis and L-cysteine cannot be replaced by D-cysteine, L-cystine, N-acetyl L- cysteine, cysteamine of D,L-homocysteine. 2-Mercaptoethanol in the assay can be replaced by monothiolglycerol and to a lesser extent by cysteamine. The absolute K(m) values for L-cysteine and 2- mercaptoethanol were 0.13 +/- 0.05 mM and 1.72 +/- 0.24 mM, respectively, the absolute V(max) was 55 +/- 4.9 mumol.min(-1).mg protein(-1). The enzyme had a pH optimum of approx. 8.5 and did not require metal ions for activity. The enzyme was inhibited by a series of substrate analogues, anthelmintics and plant phenols. The P. redivivus enzyme differs markedly from its mammalian equivalent and suggests distinctive differences in sulphur amino acid metabolism in nematodes.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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