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B6db references: 96434469

type Journal Article
authors Bartsch, K.; Schneider, R.; Schulz, A.
title Stereospecific production of the herbicide phosphinothricin (glufosinate): purification of aspartate transaminase from Bacillus stearothermophilus, cloning of the corresponding gene, aspC, and application in a coupled transaminase process
journal Appl Environ Microbiol
Activity 2.6.1.1
Family 2.6.1.1.b
sel selected
ui 96434469
year (1996)
volume 62
number 10
pages 3794-9
 
keywords 4-Aminobutyrate Transaminase
abstract We have isolated and characterized an aspartate transaminase (glutamate:oxalacetate transaminase, EC 2.6.1.1) from the thermophilic microorganism Bacillus stearothermophilus. The purified enzyme has a molecular mass of 40.5 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate gel analysis, a temperature optimum of 95 degrees C, and a pH optimum of 8.0. The corresponding gene, aspC, was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant glutamate:oxalacetate transaminase protein was used in immobilized form together with 4-aminobutyrate:2-ketoglutarate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.19) from E. coli for the production of L- phosphinothricin [L-homoalanin-4-yl-(methyl)phosphinic acid], the active ingredient of the herbicide Basta (AgrEvo GmbH), from its nonchiral 2-keto acid precursor 2-oxo-4- [(hydroxy)(methyl)phosphinoyl]butyric acid (PPO). In this new coupled process conversion rates of ca. 85% were obtained with substrate solutions containing 10% PPO by using only slight excesses of the amino donors glutamate and aspartate. The contamination of the reaction broth with amino acid by-products was 3%.
last changed 2010/11/09 15:54

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