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B6db references: 98128777

type Journal Article
authors Bao, L.; Vlcek, C.; Paces, V.; Kraus, J. P.
title Identification and tissue distribution of human cystathionine beta- synthase mRNA isoforms
journal Arch Biochem Biophys
ui 98128777
year (1998)
volume 350
number 1
pages 95-103.
keywords *Alternative Splicing
abstract Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) catalyzes the irreversible, serine- dependent conversion of homocysteine to cystathionine via a transsulfuration pathway. CBS deficiency not only is the leading cause of homocystinuria, an inherited genetic disorder, but may contribute to cardiovascular disease as well. We isolated three new isoforms of human CBS mRNA from a human liver cDNA library. We designate these CBS mRNAs as CBS 3, CBS 4, and CBS 5, and the CBS mRNAs reported previously by Kraus et al. (1993) (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2, 1933-1938) and Kruger and Cox (1994) (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 6614-6618) as CBS 1 and CBS 2, respectively. Sequence analyses show that the only difference among the five CBS mRNAs is at the beginning of the 5'-untranslated region. Tissue distribution studies reveal that liver and pancreas have the highest amounts of CBS mRNAs. CBS mRNA is present in all regions of the brain tested. We also report the differential distribution of CBS mRNA isoforms in tissues, showing that pancreas contains all five CBS isoforms and the liver has four CBS mRNA isoforms, CBS 1-4. The kidney contains only CBS 1 and CBS 2. In human fetal tissues, CBS 2 is present in the liver and kidney. PCR-based quantitative analyses of CBS mRNA isoforms in human liver demonstrate that CBS 1 and CBS 2 are the major species, with CBS 2 being more abundant, while CBS 3-5 are the minor species. Furthermore, results from our human liver cDNA screening and primer extension experiments show that each of the five CBS transcripts begins with a different exon, suggesting that CBS gene transcription might be regulated by more than one promoter.
last changed 2002/11/12 16:17

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