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B6db references: 99059720

type Journal Article
authors Clausen, T.; Huber, R.; Prade, L.; Wahl, M. C.; Messerschmidt, A.
title Crystal structure of Escherichia coli cystathionine gamma-synthase at 1.5 A resolution
journal Embo J
ui 99059720
year (1998)
volume 17
number 23
pages 6827-38.
keywords Binding Sites
abstract The transsulfuration enzyme cystathionine gamma-synthase (CGS) catalyses the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent gamma-replacement of O-succinyl-L-homoserine and L-cysteine, yielding L-cystathionine. The crystal structure of the Escherichia coli enzyme has been solved by molecular replacement with the known structure of cystathionine beta- lyase (CBL), and refined at 1.5 A resolution to a crystallographic R- factor of 20.0%. The enzyme crystallizes as an alpha4 tetramer with the subunits related by non-crystallographic 222 symmetry. The spatial fold of the subunits, with three functionally distinct domains and their quaternary arrangement, is similar to that of CBL. Previously proposed reaction mechanisms for CGS can be checked against the structural model, allowing interpretation of the catalytic and substrate-binding functions of individual active site residues. Enzyme-substrate models pinpoint specific residues responsible for the substrate specificity, in agreement with structural comparisons with CBL. Both steric and electrostatic designs of the active site seem to achieve proper substrate selection and productive orientation. Amino acid sequence and structural alignments of CGS and CBL suggest that differences in the substrate-binding characteristics are responsible for the different reaction chemistries. Because CGS catalyses the only known PLP- dependent replacement reaction at Cgamma of certain amino acids, the results will help in our understanding of the chemical versatility of PLP.
last changed 2003/03/17 15:07

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