|Reynolds, P. H.; Smith, L. A.; Dickson, J. M.; Jones, W. T.; Jones, S. D.; Rodber, K. A.; Carne, A.; Liddane, C. P.
|Molecular cloning of a cDNA encoding aspartate aminotransferase-P2 from lupin root nodules
|Plant Mol Biol
|Amino Acid Sequence
|Two isoenzymic forms of aspartate aminotransferase are present in the plant fraction of developing lupin root nodules. One of these forms, aspartate aminotransferase-P2 (AAT-P2), increases dramatically with the onset of biological nitrogen fixation and is associated with the assimilation of ammonia by the plant in the Rhizobium-legume symbiosis. A day 18 lupin nodule cDNA library in the lambda ZapII vector was immunoscreened with a monoclonal antibody specific for AAT-P2 and yielded two near-full-length 1700 bp clones. These clones were sequenced. Amino acid sequences from three peptides derived from immunopurified AAT-P2 were aligned, and showed 100% homology with the amino acid sequence deduced from the cDNA clones. The DNA sequence showed 50% homology with AAT sequences from a range of animal sources. Conversion of the clones to the phagemid form allowed their expression in Escherichia coli where both exhibited enzyme activity that could be immunoprecipitated with AAT-P2-specific monoclonal antibodies. Western blot analysis revealed protein moieties with molecular masses of 39, 43, 45 and 55 kDa. The 5' end of the clones coded for a hydrophobic leader sequence of about 50 amino acids indicative of a targeting sequence and consistent with the plastid localisation of nodule AAT-P2.